GLASGOW, World leaders today announced a $ 1 billion commitment to end deforestation by 2030, a pledge by environmental groups questioned as more immediate steps need to be taken to save the planet’s lungs.
According to Top hosts, the UK government, the pledge has been backed by about US $ 20 billion (RM82 billion) in public and private funds and backed by more than 100 leaders representing more than 85 percent of the world’s forests, including the Amazon rainforest. , Canada. . North Boreal forests and rainforests of the Congo Basin.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said a deforestation agreement was needed for the most ambitious goal of the Paris Agreement – to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
“Climate change and biodiversity are two sides of the same coin,” Johnson said today.
“We cannot cope with the devastating loss of habitat and species without addressing climate change, and we cannot cope with climate change without protecting our nature and respecting the rights of indigenous peoples.”
“Protecting our forests is not only the right way to tackle climate change, it is also the right way for a prosperous future for all of us,” he said.
Its signatories are Brazil and Russia, which have lost rapid deforestation in their territories, such as the United States, China, Australia, and France.
The Brazilian government, which has been widely criticized for its environmental policies, announced at a summit on Monday that it would halve greenhouse gases by 2005 by 2030 – up from a previous commitment of 43 percent.
“We present a more ambitious new climate goal,” Environment Minister Joachim Leight announced in a message from Brasilia to Glasgow.
Levitt also said Brazil aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
The summit’s commitment to “prevent deforestation and land degradation by 2030” includes a commitment to protect the rights of indigenous peoples and recognize “their role as forest rangers.”
When Johnson described the pledge as “unprecedented”, the United Nations Climate Summit in New York in 2014 issued a similar statement halving the rate of deforestation by 2020 and ending it by 2030.
However, at the industrial level, trees are still being cut down, in the Amazon region under the right-wing government of Brazilian President Jar Bolsonaro.
In 2020, deforestation in Brazil will increase, with emissions increasing by 9.5 percent.
Humans have already cut down half of the world’s forests, practicing double damage to the climate when replacing carbon-sucking trees with livestock or monoculture crops.
About a quarter of human-caused carbon dioxide emissions can be attributed to land use activities such as logging, deforestation, and agriculture.
Resource-rich Indonesian President Joko Widodo said rainforests, mangroves, seas, and peatlands in his archipelago were important in mitigating climate change.
“We are committed to these critical carbon absorbers and to preserving our natural capital for future generations,” he said in a statement.
10 more years
Greenpeace criticized Glasgow’s initiative to effectively green light “deforestation of the next decade.”
“Indigenous people are demanding to get 80 percent of Amazon by 2025, and they’re right, that’s necessary,” said Carolina Pasquale, director of Greenpeace in Brazil.
“Climate and nature cannot be compromised,” he said.
Many studies have shown that the best way to protect forests around the world is to keep them under the control of locals who have generations of conservation knowledge.
The pledge was made a day after UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on leaders to take steps to save humanity.
“It’s time to get rid of it and move on,” he said.
“Enough to make biodiversity cruel. Carbon is enough to kill itself. Enough to burn and drill and dig my way deeper. We’re going to dig our own graves.”
The UN COP26 conference will run for another two weeks to try to formulate a national plan to prevent the most devastating effects of global warming.
Five Climate Change Myths
Oct. 31 – As world leaders prepare for the COP26 climate summit on Oct. 31, the AFP Intelligence Study examines some common allegations related to human-caused global warming.
‘It’s a scam’
Some point to a large number of scientists trying to prove their contributions to research – or even government collaboration to keep track of the public. If so, it must be very complex, coordinated by successive governments in dozens of countries with large numbers of scientists.
Tens of thousands of reviewed studies on the public sector have led to the surprising scientific consensus that climate change is caused by real people. The largest source of this is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
His latest report, which consists of 3,500 pages published this year, was approved by representatives from 195 states. It lists 234 authors from 66 countries.
The commission was set up under the auspices of the United Nations, which fueled the ideology of the perpetrators but proved their loyalty to others.
‘The climate has changed forever
Scientists know that the earth has long changed between the age of snow and summer – about a year of ice in the last 100,000 years. Are conventional heaters another level in this cycle?
No. The speed, relative speed, and global warming of the last 50 years make this time different.
“Global surface temperatures have risen sharply since 1970 compared to any other period in the last 50 years of 2000,” the IPCC said, with a confirming graph.
This is based on several types of data: Paleontological analysis of sediments, snow, and ring trees in the period before the Industrial Revolution, and temperature records from 1850 onwards.
‘No evidence of human intent’
Given that evidence of abnormal heat has become inconsistent, some skeptics have acknowledged this is happening, but have denied it is caused by carbon dioxide from people burning fossil fuels.
The IPCC has developed a climate model that measures the impact of several factors. It measures temperature without affecting human activity.
“The impact of human activities on climate, oceans, and global warming is clear,” the IPCC report concluded this year.
This access is summarized, along with a graph, on page eight of this document: http://u.afp.com/wZ6N.
‘A little heat is good’
“In many places in the country, it’s snowing heavily and it’s getting cold nearby … wouldn’t it be better to experience the long-lasting global heat now!”
A post by Donald Trump on Twitter on January 20 confuses the climate myth – that cold weather is evidence of global warming – with the assumption that even the heat won’t end badly.
Climate is an average measure of climate change over time. Therefore, one day or a week of snow is not enough to ensure that the average temperature does not rise for decades.
Can “a little global heat” be good? Parts of Siberia may be more fertile land, expanding food supplies – but the thawing of permafrost in the same area threatens to create more problems.
A two-step walk may seem comfortable enough – but the IPCC estimates it’s enough to extend sea levels by half a meter or more, enough to submerge coastal towns.
‘Scientists demand climate change’
Experts often speak, sign statements and amendments. But research on their evidence in some cases has shown that this is rare for climate scientists.
Among the needs of scientists to measure the accuracy of claims, the consensus is one of the most important – and consensus on climate change is now worrisome.
A recent study by Cornell University of thousands of reviews on climate change found that more than 99 percent of the authors agreed that people should be blamed for climate change.